Columns & Editorials




In the South as in the North, initiatives arise daily. Going beyond old frameworks, The Bridge Tank wishes to understand and help interpret the transformations at work in the post-emergence world.



When a South African court attacks the remaining pillar of globalization

The G20 leaders met on the 7th and 8th July in the harbour city of Hamburg, a Symbol of trade where they sought new keys to globalization through investment.

Thousands of kilometers to the south, would the setting seizure of an innocuous African boat of fertilizers anchored in an African harbour become a symbol of the shadowed side of the “new globalization” ? Resistant to trade; Politizing investment; Instrumentalising the local courts, discreetly unraveling the advances of multi-lateral governance?

Read more in French at


The case for sovereign climate bonds

How to combat climate change with fiscal policy? 

“Investment in a low-carbon future is a key priority for many governments across the developed and developing world, and also for central banks looking to diversify their investment portfolios. One proposal for turning this priority into action is through the creation of climate policy performance bonds – calling them ‘sovereign climate bonds’.”

By Abdeljellil Bouzidi, Board Member of The Bridge Tank.

Read more by clicking on this link.


France Might Miss The Great African Transformation


©Jeune Afrique


No French diplomat was present at the launching of the African Union “2016 Transition Report” in New York on September 21st. Is it because it is an internal matter of the African Union, or is it symptomatic of a French disregard for the  transformation of the continent ? In either case, it appears that it is one of the many signs that France stands idly by as Africa undergoes many changes. Read Joel Ruet’s analysis on this matter in this OpEd published in Jeune Afrique


©Diplomatic Courier

How Eastern Europe’s Right Deprived the World from Its First Female UN Secretary-General


“As a Western European male and a Socialist, I should incidentally be very pleased with the election of Antonio Guterres as the next UN Secretary-General.After all Mr. Guterres is a seasoned diplomat, who masters several languages, and was able to gain the support of all the Security Councilmembers ,not a benign result at times when some commentators are talking of a new cold war. Hence, my full-hearted congratulations! (…) But (…) it is more relevant to analyse the election from the consciously acquired, diligently nurtured, perspective of a gender-friendly, universalist, world citizen rather than that of the accidental male I am.”

Read More …


On Europe, the UN Security Council and the race for next UN-SG


©Diplomatic Courier


“The UN Security Council vote on Friday and the events of this weekend have suddenly turned the UN Secretary-General election from a marathon race into a sprint finish, with more twists and turns to come. Contrary to Ban Ki-moon’s election ten years ago, the race remains vivid. But the running league of candidates seems to be now consolidating, put aside some -hopefully ephemeral- confusion that has arisen this weekend in Eastern Europe, the legitimate region of origin of the next UN-SG…”


Read this OpEd written by Joel Ruet in The Diplomatic Courier


Green Economy: An Opportunity for Youth Employment

Green Grass On The Field

©Diplomatic Courier

“In a context of global environmental challenges, solutions toward a Green Economy can provide a employment opportunities for the global youth. Besides experts proposals, democratic discussion among the youth can provide lively and rich with ideas, based on as many stories of successful sustainable development projects to be shared among delegates from across the world…”

Read this OpEd by Dakhla 4th International Youth Forum Collective with Sara Bentefrit (Morocco), Molly Mamaril (Hawaii, USA), Joël Ruet (France).


Moving Beyond Green Bonds


“France has announced that it will become the first country to issue Green Bonds. With that decision, Paris could become a leader in terms of green finance. It is also a way to tackle one of the two main issues when it comes to climate change: financing. The other issue is decarbonization, a commitment taken at COP21. This one could be tackled by issuing Carbon Sovereign Bonds…”

Read this Op-Ed in french, written by Abdeldjellil Bouzidi, Board Member of the Bridge Tank and Chief Economist of Emena Advisory, published in Les Echos on the 8th of August.


Africa Wants its Own, West-free, Path to Development


©Le Monde Afrique


“At the 27th summit of the African Union (AU), which took place in Kigali on the 17th and 18th of July, as a first, the AU’s invited none of its partners: France, the United States, the United Kingdom, China, the European Union, had to read the press… This was neither an oversight nor an anecdotal absence, but another sign that Africa intends to gather together to work towards its economic sovereignty…” Read More





Mrs. UN Secretary General : The Final Race Ticks In


This year’s election process for the position of the next UN Secretary General is by far the most open and transparent in the UN’s history following 70 years of closed-door negotiating and secretive lobbying. On Tuesday for the first time, ten out of twelve candidates took part in two televised debates where they unfolded their visions for the future of the UN and set out their plans to tackle the numerous challenges the organization faces today (…). It does seem that it is the year of woman -at least as far as the election is concerned- and the four candidates that clearly came on top were all women : Irina Bokova, Helen Clark, Christiana Figueres and Susana Malcorra. Read more …

For a COP22 of action, for a permanent stakeholder’s forum

As the COP22 conference draws closer, most of the actors are getting impatient: everyone is waiting for the COP of action, from industry to civil society and the Moroccan presidency of the COP22 itself.  In this Op-ed published in L’opinion on the 10thof June 2016 , Joel Ruet (Chairman of the Bridge Tank), Adam Thiam (former chief of staff of the African Union president) and Matthieu Wemaëre (Lawyer, Peru’s adviser for the COP20 and Morocco’s advisor for the COP21) advocate for two operational tools. The first one has already been suggested by Morocco: the calibration of available information. They suggest a second one: to create a permanent stakeholder’s forum. Read more in French


COP 22 in Morocco : African solutions for Africa and the world ?

Morocco just announced its three top priorities for COP22, inviting partner countries to join the “Triple A” initiative : “Adaptation, Agriculture, Africa”. For the three co-authors of this OpEd published in Jeune Afrique on the 2nd of June, The initiative appears to be a major step although it has not been headlined by the media. It is the opinion of Joel Ruet, economist in the CNRS and Chairman of The Bridge Tank, Adam Thiam, former Chief of Staff to the African Union commission president and Matthieu Wemaëre, lawyer and adviser to Peru’s government for COP20, and to Morocco’s government for COP21. They believe it holds a promise of tangible, concrete and quick solution, and explain why.

Read the Op-Ed in French


  A Convenient Climate Justice : India’s Ambiguous Position


As the COP21 conference draws closer, India is refusing to follow the open position of China and provide figures on emissions declines. The Environment Minister of India, Prakash Javadekar, admitted that the government’s priority right now is on electricity access and poverty reduction, even though 13 of the 20 most polluted cities in the world are in India. That being said, India’s willingness to modernise its industry and increase the energy potential matched the spirit of the sustainable development goals in some ways, since the country has the ambition to obtain a solar energy capacity of 100GW by 2022. Read more in French in that editorial of Joël Ruet and Sophia Semlali, published in Telos on the 9th of December 2015.


The African Way to Emerge : The Vision of the Elites


 Despite growth rates that are close to Asian levels, Africa continues to draw doubts from experts, who point to various structural problems. African elites are conscious of the challenges, but promote a positive vision focused on solutions and opportunities. Mohamed Soual (Chief Economist of Moroccan’s leading industrial company), Mamadou Lamine Diallo (Senegal Member of Parliament) and Joël Ruet (Chairman of the Bridge Tank) join voices in this column published in Le Monde Afrique on the 3rd of November 2015. These three authors analyse the African issues and economical challenges, with a specific focus on green revolution potential, local and regional cooperation, and mining and energy sectors incomes:. Read the text in French…


Emerging Africa : Under Which Conditions ?

It’s Africa’s turn to emerge according to experts. But according to those external voices, it will only happen provided that the continent enhances its natural resources. In this column published in Le Monde on the 13th of October 2015, Joel Ruet and El Hadj Kassé (Minister-Counselor to the President of Senegal) believe that the conditions are quite different than the picture being painted by these experts. They advocate for inclusive growth in Africa, with qualitative investment in people and internal and sustainable dynamics, which will enable these countries to move away from sole reliance on natural resources income. Read the text in French

SDG Projections: Massive scale projections and peoples’ voices to celebrate UN70 and visually depict the 17 Global Goals Organized by the United Nations Department of Public Information in partnership with the Executive Office of the Secretary-General, the Office of the Special Adviser on Post-2015 Development Planning, the Global Poverty Project and other partners General Assembly 69th session: High-level Forum on a Culture of Peace Opening Statements by the Acting President of the General Assembly and the Secretary-General, followed by panel discussionsMeet the Prospective Next UN Secretary-General


Global leaders are gathering in New York this week for the 70th regular session of the United Nations General Assembly, and the search for Ban Ki-moon’s successor is intensifying. Candidates will be needed who have experience in shepherding complex multilateral relationships, can be a bridge builder between the United States, Russia, and China, and crucially have a vision for the UN during their tenure.

Which names will be whispered in the halls of Turtle Bay? Who is staking their claim? And which candidates are best placed to succeed Ban Ki-moon and lead the United Nations? Here is the list of confirmed or rumored candidates from Eastern Europe … Read more


French Blindness on Indian Industry

Beyond the Rafale’s “deal” with India, France needs to fundamentally change the way it understands the position of India within the global economy today. As India develops partnerships and seeks to strengthen its power in global industry, France needs to incorporate India’s new vision and “Make in India” program into its own vision about the sub-continent. In order to give priority to this major potential partner, France has to create an “industrial and economic diplomacy”. Joel Ruet, president of The Bridge Tank, defends this opinion in a column published on the blog Les chroniques de l’emergence / Le Monde on the 1st of June 2015. Read more in French



Grunge flag of United nations image is overlaying a detailed grungy texture

The Challenges Facing the Next UN Secretary General


The first United Nations Secretary-General, Trygve Lie, knew what he was talking about when he described it as “the most impossible job on this earth”… The inherent difficulty of the Secretary-General’s job is the result of tensions built into the United Nations system, especially the gap between the high ideals set out in the UN Charter and the hard reality of great power diplomacy on which it depends. Read more …

Who Frames the Politics of Inclusive Growth?

k2_items_src_b8c76ee8ebbe7de4df8bd61f72161540There has been an ongoing intellectual revolution concerning economic and development policies for the emerging world. Interestingly, this revolution is in fact driven and played out by the emerging world itself… For over a century the theories and policies of economic development in emerging economies were theorized, formulated, and dictated by the U.S.  [… ] However these visions and policies have had a limited impact on the lives of many for whom these goals were put in place for. Read more …


Modi should look to India’s neigbours

“Mr Modi’s government must begin to deliver concrete results to the electorate in order to retain their votes before the next general election. Infrastructure projects and educational reform will not bear fruit for at least another five to 10 years, yet tackling poverty and economic empowerment need not take so long…”. Read more